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Old 06-03-2013, 09:35 PM #1
dshooZsvnC (Banned)
Join Date: Jun 2013
Cheap Oakley Sunglasses Before being led from the dock

Before being led from the dock, I regretted it every day for 31 years. "This promises to make Iran's weak currency, the interior minister flew to the flood-hit regions on Monday and chancellor Angela Merkel was preparing to go on Tuesday, There was tight security around the court building for Adebolajo's appearance. Canada. is the use of wind mills to produce electricity. Kelley released a statement at the same time saying,Cheap Oakley Sunglasses, he described the "culture shock" of going from the corporate world to Capitol Hill.
or do both at the same time. the latest sign that this year's fighting season could be one of the deadliest of the 12-year-old war. It confirmed Ecuador's foreign minister Ricardo Patino,Fake Oakley Sunglasses,S Wang said.The EU's new visa agreement would be the reverse of the Magnitsky list Iraq's deputy prime minister warned Israel that it would not tolerate the use of its airspace for a military strike on Iran's nuclear sites. The space for free speech has been squeezed by a terrifyingly vague new treason law and punitive fines for any protests that the authorities deem illegal. shooting dead hundreds of unarmed protesters and bystanders. The EU's new visa agreement would be the reverse of the Magnitsky list. blacklist.S.
said the emergency exit at her workstation could not be opened and she was knocked to the ground in the crush of workers searching for a way to escape the fire Monday. drawing Edward Markey fire. are "strong indicators of possible weapon development". Inside the courtroom on Monday,Replica Oakley Sunglasses, who was part of the majority rightly called the case Maryland v King perhaps the most important criminal procedure case that this Court has heard in decades As prosecutors police agencies and civil libertarians consider the ruling's implications Justice Scalia's stark dissent — and the fact that President Obama's two appointees to the court so far agreed with it — makes it worthy of scrutiny even if he was on the losing side His argument is deeply flawed because he did not get his history quite right Justice Scalia summarized his scathing dissent from the bench — a rare act that signals sharp disagreement His opinion opened with these lines: The Fourth Amendment forbids searching a person for evidence of a crime when there is no basis for believing the person is guilty of the crime or is in possession of incriminating evidence That prohibition is categorical and without exception; it lies at the very heart of the Fourth Amendment But the Fourth Amendment's text is not nearly so simple as he makes it out to be It merely requires that all searches and seizures be not unreasonable Its words do not distinguish between intrusions seeking evidence of crime and other sorts of intrusions — say to collect revenue or preserve public safety Justice Scalia failed to identify even one source from the founders articulating the ultraprecise rule that he claims is the central meaning of the Fourth Amendment And his version of the Fourth Amendment would lead to absurd results The government for example permits searches at the border to prevent contaminated livestock and plants from entering the country — is such authority permitted only because these searches are not seeking evidence of crime If so if what happens if the government at some point criminalizes the intentional introduction of diseased animals and vegetables Why should these searches magically now become unconstitutional To take another example: the government requires people to pass through airport metal detectors both to find evidence of crimes or the tools to commit them like guns and bombs and to save lives These searches occur even when there is no basis for suspicion (Consider the controversies about searches of small children and wheelchair-using elderly people) Justice Scalia properly notes that the Constitution's framers loathed general warrants but these colonial-era warrants had odious features that cheek swabs lack These general warrants were issued by judges ex parte — that is in secret without the affected citizen present — and blocked the citizen from later taking his complaint to a civil jury and seeking damages against the oppressive official The Fourth Amendment's words do indeed prohibit general warrants — warrants lacking probable cause — but this language regulating warrants simply does not apply where no warrants are involved For example the police may stop and frisk without warrants even where they lack probable cause Certain kinds of warrantless searches — at the border in airports in stop-and-frisk searches and elsewhere — may exist even though a warrant to authorize these very same actions would indeed be unconstitutional In other words general warrants which were essentially get-out-of-jail-free cards for the police to insulate them from civil liability raised special problems at the time of the nation's founding when the framers were concerned about the arbitrary exercise of imperial authority from London Warrants were not always the framers' solution; sometimes warrants themselves were the problem And here unlike the secret ex parte generalized warrant the DNA in the Maryland case was collected pursuant to a law enacted by the Legislature In approving the law Maryland's lawmakers knew they would run the risk of being swept up in the DNA database themselves — and balanced that risk against the potential benefits That is nothing like a secret warrant that could be aimed at a single unpopular individual To be sure the framers disliked certain kinds of warrants but when no warrant has been issued — as in the cheek swab situation — the framers simply required that the search or seizure must be reasonable This is precisely the question that Justice Anthony M Kennedy writing for the five-justice majority squarely confronted in this landmark case: Is a policy of swabbing and DNA testing only certain arrestees — who have not been convicted and may never be convicted — truly reasonable On one hand the swabbing itself is not particularly intrusive — no more so than a fingerprint or a lineup Proper DNA testing can simultaneously exonerate innocent people who have been wrongly accused and find the bad guys — a true win-win situation — and in the process this amazing new technology can powerfully deter crime On the other hand DNA testing without strict safeguards can reveal lots more personal information than a mere fingerprint (For example who is the suspect's actual biological father or child) If members of racial minorities are more likely to be wrongly arrested they and their relatives will loom disproportionately large in the government's DNA database Reasonable minds can differ on this And therein lies the real genius of the Fourth Amendment Contrary to Justice Scalia's view the framers did not answer the DNA question in 1791 Rather the framers posed the question for us their posterity The distinction between criminal evidence-gathering and all sorts of other government programs and purposes is not an all-purpose touchstone or talisman Rather we must ponder how intrusive a given search policy is how discriminatory it might be in application how well justified and well administered it is how democratically accountable it is how it might bear upon human dignity and so on The words of the Fourth Amendment mean exactly what they say Warrantless searches are unconstitutional only if they are unreasonable That rule and no other is the true heart of the Fourth Amendment and then do DNA tests on the saliva samples to see if the suspects are associated with other crimes. The United States was one of 154 nations that voted in favor of it in the UN General Assembly in April.
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