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Old 03-06-2009, 02:09 AM #1
zoink
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The Official *nix thread.

This thread is to replace the old Unofficial Linux Thread. The threadstarter was never around and we wanted to have an FAQ available at the beginning of the thread for new users. I asked the mods to remove the old thread, but they're slow as balls so I guess it'll happen when it happens.

________________________________

If you are new to *nix operating systems, it's going to be very helpuful to you, and make it easier for those of us in this thread to help you, if you have some understanding of how it works, specifically the command line. Here are a couple of links to get you started:
UNIX Introduction
Intro to Unix Commands


Most of you will be coming here with help for Linux. The above guides will still be helpful to you, but because Linux is only based on UNIX there are some differences between the two. To get a more specific feel for Linux here is some recommended reading:
Windows to Linux: A Beginners Guide
Basic Linux Commands
Linux Beginners FAQ
Filesystem Hierarchy

Also to help point you in the way of a distro that will be right for you, try this out:
Linux Distribution Chooser

________________________________

We've composed a list of FAQ's from the previous thread to give some more immediate help, and take the strain off of some of the regular users who are getting dangerously close to putting their googleplane on autopilot. This list will be updated continually.

How do I delete *nix from my computer?
I deleted *nix from my computer and now my windows install won't boot
The easiest way to solve these problems is to fix your master boot record(MBR).
Just pop in your windows installation disc, when the prompt comes up to do so hit "R" to start the recovery console, and select your windows installation when asked. Use the commands "fixmbr" and "fixboot" and you should be good to go. Once you are booted back into windows you can use a partitioner like Partition Magic to remove the *nix partition from your disks and resize them.

* Some users suggest running a chkdsk /r on the drive you are repairing before fixing the mbr *

How do I get my restricted drivers for my video and/or network card to work in Ubuntu?
The restricted drivers manager should take care of all that, however in order to use it properly you have to enable the correct repositories. To do this navigate to

System-->Administration-->Software Sources

And check the "main", "universe", "restricted", and "multiverse" repositories. You should now be able to enable your drivers via the Restricted Drivers Manager.

My video drivers are installed but I still don't have the correct screen resolution.
You can follow the beginning of this guide if you are running Ubuntu. Or if you are running a different distro you can use the same guide, just skip down to the "Adding custom modeline" section.

How do I get my wireless working?
If you're running Ubuntu the first thing to try is the Restricted Drivers mentioned above.

We probably aren't going to be much help there unless we have your specific wireless device as well. The best thing to do is, first, try googling "*your wireless card here* *your distro here*" to try and find some results pertaining to your specific situation. If you can't find anything pertinent, go to the forums for your specific distro and ask there.

Should I use a 64-bit version of *nix?
Currently, because of compatibility issues, 64-bit linux is not really suited for every day home desktop use. You're better off sticking with a 32-bit version of *nix for now.

Should I use KDE or GNOME in Linux?
They are both very different from one another, run them both and decide which one you like.

What media player should I use?
For music:
If you want something comparable to itunes - Amarok
If you want something a little more lightweight than Amarok - Rhythmbox or Banshee
Some popular text based music players are cmus, moc, and mpd

For video:
VLC or Mplayer

________________________________

Also come visit us in #linux on irc.roachware.net if you want some live-chat help or just want to hang out.
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Old 03-06-2009, 02:36 AM #2
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New Thread. Sweet.
Learning file Architecture this week in Linux.
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Old 03-06-2009, 06:37 AM #3
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I was going to put a witty command-line joke about what SYSTEM did to our thread but I decided not to.
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Old 03-06-2009, 07:10 AM #4
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Yay we made it through our first thread

File architecture? Like file systems? Binary file formats? Whatchu mean?
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Old 03-06-2009, 11:23 AM #5
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Here is a nice breakdown of the file structure, not sure who the Original creator is, probably the person who owns the email address in the top right corner.
http://netwrkedsolutions.com/linux/filestructure.jpg
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Old 03-06-2009, 11:46 AM #6
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filesystem hierarchy. http://tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Filesystem-Hierarchy/html/
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Old 03-06-2009, 01:17 PM #7
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Originally Posted by chubby bunny View Post
Yay we made it through our first thread

File architecture? Like file systems? Binary file formats? Whatchu mean?
I am in an Intro to Linux, so I am not entirely sure all that we will go over this week. I have a feeling it is the links they both put. Thanks for those!
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Old 03-06-2009, 05:13 PM #8
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Temporarily giving up on tiling window managers. Awesome is too bloated, and DWM is not for me, after using it for a month or so. I was thinking about trying XMonad or WMII, but I think for now I'm going to probably end up going with a *box.
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Old 03-06-2009, 06:08 PM #9
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What is wrong with DWM?
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Old 03-06-2009, 06:49 PM #10
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What is wrong with DWM?
I notice that my configuration changes a lot depending upon my mood, and the programs that I'm using. With Awesome, I could add a new keybind for a new program easily and whenever I wanted to. With DWM, I have to recompile in order to get this functionality. It just didn't fit with my "style" of computing I guess.
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Old 03-06-2009, 07:44 PM #11
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Ah. You can set up DWM to be recompiled and to restart itself without closing any of your programs, you know?
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Old 03-06-2009, 09:33 PM #12
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What up?
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Old 03-06-2009, 09:41 PM #13
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Old 03-06-2009, 09:43 PM #14
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Yeah, so slow.
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Old 03-06-2009, 11:29 PM #15
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Originally Posted by CyanidePoison View Post
Ah. You can set up DWM to be recompiled and to restart itself without closing any of your programs, you know?
wat.
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Old 03-07-2009, 12:21 AM #16
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http://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Dwm#Restart_dwm_without_logging_out_or_closing_pro grams
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Old 03-07-2009, 01:01 AM #17
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Is there a way to set more human-friendly names to screens?

Like right now just for testing purposes I have irssi and Links in separate screens. But to open each one I have to use screen -r [pid], which is annoying to keep straight.

screen -h tells me screen -t is used to set titles, but that doesn't work.

HALP.
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Old 03-07-2009, 07:54 AM #18
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Is there a way to set more human-friendly names to screens?

Like right now just for testing purposes I have irssi and Links in separate screens. But to open each one I have to use screen -r [pid], which is annoying to keep straight.

screen -h tells me screen -t is used to set titles, but that doesn't work.

HALP.
To create screen:
screen -S irc
screen -S net

to attach, match the first unique letters:
screen -x i[rc]
screen -x n[et]
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Old 03-07-2009, 10:37 AM #19
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Perfect. Thanks boom.
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Old 03-07-2009, 03:25 PM #20
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Yay we made it through our first thread
Second thread. This will be our third thread. 0]

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Old 03-07-2009, 04:27 PM #21
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Second thread. This will be our third thread. 0]

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